有关清代_古诗词鉴赏大?/title> <meta name="renderer" content="webkit"> <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=Edge,chrome=1" > <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta name="applicable-device" content="pc"> <link rel=stylesheet type=text/css href="/images/css/page.css"> <script src="/images/js/ad.js" type="text/javascript"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> if( /Android|webOS|iPhone|iPad|iPod|BlackBerry|IEMobile|Opera Mini/i.test(navigator.userAgent) ) { var dqurl = document.URL; dqurl2 = dqurl.replace(/http:\/\/(.*?)\//, "http://m.skyjiao.com/") window.location = dqurl2; } </script> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div class=main1> <div class=cont> <div class=left> <h1><a href="http://www.duupvw.icu/shici/"><img alt=古诗文网 src="/templets/shiwen/css/logo.jpg" width='220' height='69'></a></h1> </div> <div class=right> <div class=son1><a style="margin-left: 0px" href="http://www.duupvw.icu/shici/">首页</a> <!----> <a href="list_1_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_2_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_3_0_0_0_0.html">?/a> <!----> <a href="list_4_0_0_0_0.html">文言?/a> <!----> <a href="list_5_0_0_0_0.html">辞赋</a> <!----> <a href="list_6_0_0_0_0.html">名句</a> <!----> <a href="/guwen/">古籍目录</a> </div> <div class="son2"> <script type="text/javascript">(function(){document.write(unescape('%3Cdiv id="bdcs"%3E%3C/div%3E'));var bdcs = document.createElement('script');bdcs.type = 'text/javascript';bdcs.async = true;bdcs.src = 'http://znsv.baidu.com/customer_search/api/js?sid=15113700267954798304' + '&plate_url=' + encodeURIComponent(window.location.href) + '&t=' + Math.ceil(new Date()/3600000);var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];s.parentNode.insertBefore(bdcs, s);})();</script></div> </div> </div> </div> <div class=main2> <div class=cont> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_1_0_0.html">先秦</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_2_0_0.html">两汉</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_3_0_0.html">晋</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_4_0_0.html">南北?/a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_5_0_0.html">隋代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html">唐代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_7_0_0.html">五代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_8_0_0.html">宋代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_9_0_0.html">元代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_10_0_0.html">明代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html">清代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_12_0_0.html">q代</a> <!----> <a href="list_0_0_13_0_0.html">C</a> <!----> <a href="http://m.skyjiao.com/shici/" target=_blank>手机?/a> </div> </div><div class="main3"> <div class="main3"> <div class="typeleft"> <div class="son1"> <h1>清代的古?/h1> </div> <div style="height: 26px" id="type1" class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>cd</span> </div> <div class="sright"><a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html" title=""><span>不限</span></a><a href="list_0_98_11_0_0.html" title="描写h的古?>h</a><a href="list_0_503_11_0_0.html" title="">姐妹</a><a href="list_0_69_11_0_0.html" title="古诗三百首_古诗三百首全集_古诗三百首鉴?>古诗三百?/a><a href="list_0_75_11_0_0.html" title="关于思乡的古诗_表达思乡的古诗词_思乡诗词大全">乡?/a><a href="list_0_306_11_0_0.html" title="">边疆</a><a href="list_0_345_11_0_0.html" title="">借古寄怀</a><a href="list_0_1_11_0_0.html" title="关于写景的诗?>写景</a><a href="list_0_370_11_0_0.html" title="">年</a><a href="list_0_76_11_0_0.html" title="关于饮酒的古诗词_饮酒古诗词大?>饮酒</a><a href="list_0_214_11_0_0.html" title="">命运</a><a href="list_0_349_11_0_0.html" title="">赠言</a><a href="list_0_551_11_0_0.html" title="">触景感怀</a><a href="list_0_351_11_0_0.html" title="">女</a><a href="list_0_527_11_0_0.html" title="">歌妓</a><a href="list_0_223_11_0_0.html" title="">文学</a></div> <div class="sright2"><img onclick=clicktype() alt=展开 src="/templets/shiwen/css/jiantop.jpg" width="10" height="20"></div> </div> <div class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>朝代</span> </div> <div class="sright"><a href="list_0_0_0_0_0.html">不限</a><a href="list_0_0_1_0_0.html">先秦</a><a href="list_0_0_2_0_0.html">两汉</a><a href="list_0_0_3_0_0.html">晋</a><a href="list_0_0_4_0_0.html">南北?/a><a href="list_0_0_5_0_0.html">隋代</a><a href="list_0_0_6_0_0.html">唐代</a><a href="list_0_0_7_0_0.html">五代</a><a href="list_0_0_8_0_0.html">宋代</a><a href="list_0_0_9_0_0.html">元代</a><a href="list_0_0_10_0_0.html">明代</a><a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html"><span>清代</span></a><a href="list_0_0_12_0_0.html">q代</a><a href="list_0_0_13_0_0.html">C</a> </div> </div> <div style="border-bottom: #d2d0d0 1px solid; margin-bottom: 20px" class="son2"> <div class="sleft"><span>形式</span> </div> <div class="sright"> <a href="list_0_0_11_0_0.html"><span>不限</span></a><a href="list_1_0_11_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_2_0_11_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_3_0_11_0_0.html">?/a><a href="list_4_0_11_0_0.html">文言?/a><a href="list_5_0_11_0_0.html">辞赋</a><a href="list_6_0_11_0_0.html">名句</a></div> </div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <!--最q更新调用开?-> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第1?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2215.html" >《如梦o·紫黯U愁无A?/a>(<a href="author_95.html" >龚自?/a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 紫黯U愁无AQ日暮春归甚处?春更不回_撇下一天浓i。春?春住!黦了人家庭宇? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①浓i:?a href="/shici/view_3674.html">柳Q</a>。②黦(yu؈Q:色|坏。污qV五?a href="/shici/author_604.html">韦庄</a>《应天长》词Q“想得此时情切,泪沾U袖黦。? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第2?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2184.html" >《浪淘沙·写梦(好梦最隄)?/a>(<a href="author_95.html" >龚自?/a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">好梦最隄Q吹q仙zӀ寻思依样到心头。去也无t寻也惯Q一桁红楹{?br /> 中有话绸~,灯火帘钩。是仙是qL温柔。独自凄凉还自遣Q自制离愁?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①依P照原栗句意即Ʋ重温旧梦。②一桁:一排。桁犹“行”。③<a href="/shici/view_2104.html">l缪</a>Q犹~QŞҎ深意挚? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第3?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_4987.html" >《减字木兰花·偶检丛纸中?/a>(<a href="author_95.html" >龚自?/a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> <p><span style="font-family:KaiTi_GB2312;">偶检丛纸中,得花瓣一包,U背l书辛幼安“更能消几番风雨”一阕,乃是京师悯忠寺v花Q戊辰暮春所戏ؓ也,泫然得句?/span></p> <p>人天无据Q被依留得香住。如梦如烟,枝上花开又十q_<br />十年千里Q风痕雨Ҏ斑里。莫怪怜他Qn世依然是落花?/p> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> 香魂Q指<a href="/shici/view_1689.html">落花</a>? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第4?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2356.html" >《菩萨蛮·催花未歇花奴鼓?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >U_性d</a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 催花未歇花奴鼓,酒醒已见D红舞?br />不忍覆余觞,临风泪数行?br />_香看欲别,I剩当时月?br />月也异当Ӟ凄清照鬓丝? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【注释?br /> <br /> 花奴Q唐玄宗时汝阳王李琏的小字。李琏善鼓Q玄宗特钟爱之,曾说Q? “花奴姿质明莹,肌发光细Q非人间人,必神仙@堕也。”这里是说筵席之上击鼓ؓ乐,以助酒兴。羯鼓,一U乐器,状如漆桶Q下承以牙床Q鼓之两头俱凅R据说此乐器匈奴?br /> <br /> D红舞:p?br /> <br /> 余觞Q杯中所剩残酒?br /> <br /> _香Q代指爱?或情有所钟之奛_)?br /> <br /> 【鉴赏?br /> <br /> U_q首词因ȝ而作Q借羯鼓催׃典故Q花开卌Q暗d景不常在。描l一U盛{将散,卛_d的情景,露出内心的伤春伤离别,不免惆怅。下阕承接着上阕之情之景Q再加些渲染Q进一步刻M晚自己孤独对月,内心的寂寞凄清。结二句画龙点睛,写月下对爱妻的思念和痴睛,由此而来的愁苦忧伤让人无法排解?br /> <br /> 鼓Q是一U乐器,状如漆桶Q下承以牙床Q鼓之两头俱凅R?br /> <br /> 据说此乐器出自匈奴。唐玄宗也善鼓Q因此对李琏特别钟爱Q曾_  “花奴姿质明莹,肌发光细Q非人间人,必神仙@堕也。?br /> <br /> 唐朝人的U|随性L带着一U天亲地q的色彩Q有新石器时代对着U日高山丛莽舞蹈的肆意。当时击鼓ؓ乐是辑֮贵h{席常有的事Q借此助酒兴。后来h有那种肆意无畏的兴_而多了那U“不忍覆余觞”的心翼Q越是希望好景常在,pҎ多愁善感Q加之易触景生情而风流泪的感伤Q更昑־萧瑟和黯然了?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第5?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2912.html" >《菩萨蛮·隔花才歇廉纤雨?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >U_性d</a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 隔花才歇廉纤雨,一声弹指؜无语。梁燕自双归Q长条脉脉垂?br />屏pq,妆薄铅华。独自立瑉Q透寒金缕鞋? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> <p><strong>译文</strong>波ؓ渺,柳依依。双蝶绣|裙的女子,你与q福Q只有一朵花的距R但?a href="/shici/list_0_3_0_0_0.html">春天</a>却送来l늉ľl雨Q让你久坐闺中,辜负了美好的x。天晴的时候,双燕已归Q柳枝低垂。娇嗔如你,一春弹泪话凄凉?a href="/shici/view_2700.html">寒夜</a>到来Q你掩上望归的门。默默地Q朱_不深匀Q闲花春。想他的时候,你独自站在瑶阶上。柔肠已寸寸Q粉泪已盈盈?/p><p><strong>注释</strong>廉纤 Q?Q?l小Q细微。多用以形容微雨??<a href="/shici/author_684.html">韩愈</a> 《晚雨》诗Q“廉U晚雨不能晴Q池岸草间蚯蚓鸣。??<a href="/shici/author_271.html">黄庭?/a> 《次韵赏梅》:“微风拂掠生春丝Q小雨廉U洗暗妆。??<a href="/shici/author_100.html">陈师?/a> 《马上口占呈立之》:“廉U小雨湿黄昏Q十里尘泥不受辛。?Q?借指l雨??<a href="/shici/author_53.html">叶梦?/a> 《ؓ׃晚卧》诗Q“泉声分寂历Q草色借廉U。??<a href="/shici/author_264.html">赵蕃</a> 《衢州城外》诗Q“才得新晴半日强Q廉U又复蔽朝光。??<a href="/shici/author_705.html">陈维?/a> 《渡江云·Ʋ雪》词Q“玉休拟廉U舞Q念有h新在京华。弹指:《翻译名义集》:《僧》云Q(二十瞬ؓ一Ҏ。)此状寂寥抑郁之态。弹L指,以表C各U?a href="/shici/view_4186.html">感情</a>。一声句Q意谓弹指一?a href="/shici/list_0_29_0_0_0.html">d</a>日久Q竟辜负了美好的春光Q遂孤寂无聊Q实在无语可q。弹指:指极短暂的时间。小屏山色远Q此pLl眺望之景,谓远׃佛是小的屏风。亦可解做小屏风上绘有远׃d?a href="/shici/author_415.html">温庭{?/a>?a href="/shici/view_31.html">春日</a>》:“屏上吴pQ楼中朔悲。”妆薄:谓E妆。瑶Ӟ本指玉砌的台Ӟ后ؓ石阶之美U。金~鞋Q绣l有金丝的鞋子。南?a href="/shici/author_274.html">李煜</a>《菩萨蛮》:“划袜步香阶Q手提金~鞋。?/p> <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第6?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_2347.html" >《菩萨蛮·春云Ҏ湘帘雨?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >U_性d</a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px"> 春云Ҏ湘帘雨,i黏蝴蝶飞还住?br />人在玉楼中,楼高四面风?br />柳烟丝一把,暝色Wx瓦?br />休近阑qԌ夕阳无限山? </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br> ①湘?Q?用湘妃竹~制的帘子。②玉楼 Q?指华丽之楼阁。宋<a href="/shici/author_219.html">辛弃?/a>?a href="/shici/author_482.html">苏武</a>慢·雪?Q?歌竹传殇 Q?探梅得句 , 人在玉楼琼室?”③鸳瓦 Q??a href="/shici/view_2738.html">鸳鸯</a>瓦。唐<a href="/shici/author_210.html">李商?/a>《当句有寏V?Q?U楼鸳瓦汉宫盘。?指瓦之成双成对者? <br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第7?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12770.html" >《虞h·为梁汾赋(凭君料理花问谚酽)?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >U_性d</a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">凭君料理花问谚酽Q莫负当初我。眼看鸡犬上天梯Q黄九自招秦七共泥犁?br /> 瘦狂那似痴肥奻I产,判Q痴肥W。笑他多病与长Q不及诸公衮衮向风尘?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【赏析?br /> <br /> U_虽ؓ权臣之子、皇帝近臣,然而却是空有满Ҏ华,只能担当护卫武夫之职Q因此与怀才不遇、仕途蹉跎的贞观等人大有同病相怜、惺惺相惜之意。顾贞观更可以说是纳兰性d的第一知己Q二Z仅交契笃厚,而且志趣相投Q有着相同的词学主张。纳兰性d在《与梁药亭书》中_  “仆知操瓤即爱《花间》致语,以其a情h微,且音调铿锵,自然协律。”他与顾贞观诗词唱和颇多Qƈ请他q词作选集付梓Q这首词是二h同怀同道的真实写照?br /> <br /> “凭君料理花间课Q莫负当初我”这句话是纳兰在叮嘱好友贞观:d你辑集我的词作,只要不辜负我的一片真心便可。对于中国古代文人来_自q词作交给他h付梓Q无异于是将自己的心血全部托付出去Q由此可见顾贞观在纳兰心中的重要C。在q里Q纳兰提C《花间集》,q是说自己的词风与《花间集》中的词作相同,而是用其来代指自q词作?br /> <br /> 在“眼看鸡犬上天梯”这句中Q纳兰用了“鸡犬升天”这个典故,怼汉代淮南王刘安修炼成仙之后,余下的药倾洒在院子里Q结果鸡和狗吃了之后也都飘然升空Q成了神仙,在这里纳兰用“鸡犬上天梯”来比喻那些在仕途上qx青云的小人? “黄九自招秦七共泥犁”,在这句中Q纳兰显然用黄庭坚与U观来比喻自己和贞观,但是Q惔犁的意思是地狱Q纳兰用到这句中Q难道是说要和顾贞观pʎ黄泉?<br /> <br /> 《宋E类钞》中曾记载:黄庭坚早q喜作艳词,有一位法U师劝他不要再作Qƈ警告道“以W墨诲淫Q当堕惔犁地狱。”知道这个典故后Q我们也很Ҏ理解“黄九”句的意思了Q纳兰此时已l不再是一个@规蹈矩的贉|公子Q他明确地向世h宣称Q我们这些仕途失意的人只惛_好自q词作Q哪怕最后进入地狱,我们也不会后悔?br /> <br /> 下片一开,U_提到南朝沈昭略的典故Q据记蝲Q沈昭略Zh放浪形骸Q喜好饮酒?br /> <br /> 有一天喝醉之后,在娄湖苑遇到王约Q于是嘲W道Q? “你是王约?Z么又肥又?”王U反唇相讥说Q? “你是沈昭?Z么又瘦又?”沈昭略听后Q抚掌大W说Q? “瘦比肥好,狂比痴好。”纳兰在q里反其意而用之.用痴肥来比喻入仕朝堂的小人,用狂瘦来指代自己和顾贞观Q表面上是说我们仕途失意之人哪有你们得意之士那么踌w满志,你们只管嘲笑好了Q其实是_你们q些M高位的小Z配嘲W我?此时的纳兎ͼ既显C出单纯、直率的一面,也显C出狂放、刚强的一面?br /> <br /> ֏“笑他多病与长Q不及诸公衮衮向风尘”,U_用嘲讽的口吻说道Q得意之人嘲W失意之病交加,仕途坎P是的Q我们与你们q些w居高位而无所作ؓ的官僚确实无法可比?br /> <br /> U_虽然w在官场Q但是内心却没有被名利所熏染Q所以他才能够从官场中悄然脱w,与顾贞观沉h于诗词之道中Q正因ؓ如此Q世间才了一个追求功名利的官僚Q而多了一位旷N的l世才子?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> ①料理:处理、安排,指点、指教,此处含有辑集之意。课Q指词作。花_卟뀊花间集》,为后蜀n崇祚~辑的一部词集。集中搜录晚唐至五代十八位词人的作品Q共五百首,分十P集中作品内容多写上层贵妇h的日常生zd妆饰容貌Q女人素以花比,而该集多写女Z媚,故称“花间”?br /> <br /> ②天梯:古h惌中登天的阶梯Q此处喻为入仕朝堂,M高位?br /> <br /> ③黄九:北宋诗h、书法家黄庭坚,排行W九Q因以称之。秦七:北宋词hU少游辈行第七,故称。惔犟:佛教语,梵语的译韻I意ؓ地狱?br /> <br /> ④瘦狂、痴肥:比喻仕途失意与得意。瘦狂:语见《南史h昭略传》,昭略{王U云Q? “瘦已胜肥,狂又胜痴。”此处ؓ反其意用之。痴肥:肥胖而无所用心?br /> <br /> ⑤诸公衮衮:源源不断而繁杂,旧时Un居高位而无所作ؓ的官僚。风:比喻Uؕ的社会或漂泊江湖的境况,q里指宦途、官场?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第8?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_7186.html" >《虞h·银床淅沥青梧老?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >U_性d</a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">银床淅沥青梧老,屧粉U蛩扫。采香行处蹙q钱Q拾得翠何恨不能言?br /> 回廊一寸相思地Q落月成孤倚。背灯和月就花阴Q已是十q踪q十q心?br /> </p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【鉴赏?br /> <br /> U_的词中多ơ提到“回廊”,q个“回廊”,惛_是他与所q之h产生恋情的地斏V本再ơ提到的“回廊一寸相思地”,引v作者痛心乃xU肝肠寸断的感觉Q同时表达了他对昔日׃h坚定不移的深情?br /> <br /> “银床淅沥青梧老,展粉U蛩扫。”是说爱人的t迹已经消失在蟋蟀唧唧的鸣叫之中。对于往事,只能是遗恨不Ԍ难以a说?br /> <br /> 回廊下,相思地Q“背灯和月就花阴”,意境凄婉。岁月匆匆,那段逝去的恋情却已是“十q踪q十q心”。这D늈情的创痛实在太深太重Q唯有难以忘却的思念q在词h心头怹萦绕?br /> <br /> 可以惌Q纳兰若站在回廊花阴下,内心不乏l历苍茫岁月的惆怅,充满了h田的遗憾。我们读q首词时Q俨然看见一个伤心的男hQ逗留在荒芜的U草蔓地的庭院里Q这是曾l和她一h玩的地方。彼时花前月下,萤扇扑Q一切都是那么的令h留恋回味!而如今,U风U雨摧残了井边的梧桐Q她那美丽的w媄已经不在了。纳兰此时能做的Q只是捡到当q她无意间遗落在荒草之间的首饰?br /> <br /> 【注释?br /> <br /> 银床Q指井栏Q或指݅取井水的辘轳架。杜甫《冬日洛城北谒玄元皇帝庙》:  “风{吹玉柱Q露井冻银床。?br /> <br /> 淅沥Q象声词QŞ定w雨声、落叶声{?br /> <br /> 展粉Q借指所恋之奛_。展Qؓ鞋的衬底Q与_字q缀即代指女子?br /> <br /> 蛩:一U昆虫,q里指蟋蟀?br /> <br /> “采香”二句:比喻曄与她有过一D|情。范成大《吴郡志》云Q吴王夫差于香山U香Qɾh泛舟于溪以采之?br /> <br /> q钱Q草名,叶呈圆ŞQ大如钱Q故U。连钱马Q又名连钱骢。其毛皮色有深浅Q花UVŞ状似相连的铜钱?br /> <br /> 翘Q女子的头饰Q似鸟N的长。温庭筠《经旧游》:“坏墙经雨苍苔遍Q拾得当时旧翘。?br /> <br /> 回廊Q用春秋吴王“响履廊”之典。宋范成大《吴郡志》:“响履廊Q在灵岩山寺。相传吴王o西施辈步履,廊虚而响Q故名。?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; padding-top:18px;"> <a href="https://item.taobao.com/item.htm?spm=a1z10.1-c.w4004-12980446230.2.AKvKnj&id=552482417470"><img src="https://img.alicdn.com/imgextra/i2/815556964/TB2upf1sbXlpuFjy1zbXXb_qpXa_!!815556964.png" width="620px" alt="taobao1.png"/></a></div> <div style="height: 15px; clear: both; overflow: hidden"></div> </div> <!----> <div class="sons"> <p><strong>清代的古诗第9?/strong>: <a style="font-size: 14px" href="view_12769.html" >《溪沙·五月江南麦已E?/a>(<a href="author_193.html" >U_性d</a>Q?/p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0px">五月江南麦已EQ黄梅时节雨霏微。闲看燕子教雏飞?br /> 一水浓阴如|画Q数峰无恙又晴晖。湔裙谁独上渔矶?</p> <div class="f-s">【翻译或鉴赏?br>【赏析?br /> <br /> 江南Q是一个遥q的梦境。款ƾ流淌的评弹Q悠扬的马头_温婉的吴依Y语……江南何?只需沿着盎然的诗情,打马而过Q便是江南。她的气质,是盈盈的春水Q朦胧着袅袅薄雾Q胜似瑶池,“南朝四癑օ十寺Q多楼台烟雨中”的忧郁Q是你日日踏q的青石板,蜿蜒曲折的小h处,蓦然回首_一个结着愁怨的丁香一L奛_Q她的浅W,是湖畔杨柛_Q熾攄一有|aU怼Q湖光山Ԍ斗{星移Q抹不掉的一脉情思?br /> <br /> 提到U_Q无可避免地谈及他显赫的家世、悲戚的情史Q以及他英年早逝的遗憾。如果有一天,当所有明艳的光环、绯色的传闻散去Q余下的U_Q应是一位最率真的诗人,吟游江南Q纵马边陌Ӏ?br /> <br /> 五月Q水墨江南里Q青q麦E疏错落于阡陌Q恰逢黄梅雨时节。雨丝簌地飘落下来Q再有一份闲心静坐,看屋檐下的雏燕恰恰学飞煽动着E嫩的翅膀。才知生命之中,  “落׃h独立Q微雨燕双飞”的景色Q才是^和安定的?br /> <br /> 烟L水像墨泼出来的山水画,山c静谧Q隐隐透露出雨q天晴的阛_。水边布衣女子赤脚踩上鱼矶石Q木槌轻举,捣衣声寂静回响在q田园之中?br /> <br /> U_如此婉婉道来Q一q泼墨山水田同画便缓~铺展在眼前Q让人沉醉其中,w心ȝQQ惌。颜色浓处,是云青青兮欲雨,墨色淡处Q是水澹澹兮生烟。是q样一q安静的国画Q却遇见了“湔裙谁独上渔矶”,捣衣女瞬间点了安静Q画面变得生动明晰hQ又M几分彩墨的蟩跃? “湔裙”指古代的一U风俗,旧俗于农历正月元日至月晦Q士女酹酒洗衣于水边Q以避灾度厄。这里指水边的捣衣女子,也迎合了溪沙的词牌?br /> <br /> q首词读来有《诗l》的淡雅之趣Q所阐述之事也颇L园民风,原来生命所需要抵辄从来不是功名利禄Q名誉万世,而仅仅是内心的^和与安定。纳兰用他的W触告诉ZQ尘间的是有这L地方的?br /> <br /> 一直以为,U_是孤独的Q他的秉性、他的心气、他的才情,注定了他的遗世独立,注定了他留给世h的,是一个凄婉的故事Q一D늦愁别苦的情。虚静的一刻,晨曦z在他的面颊Q当他微微展露笑颜时Q那份清늚孤独Q那份怡h的忧郁依旧。很难说Q这是一U幸q,抑或是不q。就如同后主一P若说生在贵胄家是他的不幸Q那么若无这一份由盛而衰的经历,又怎能成就他千古词帝的荣光?br /> <br /> 其实Q就q首诗而言Q它是明媚的Q清新明丽,俨然区别于纳C往情愁感伤之作Q带着暮春的阳光。可末一句,仅仅一个“独”字Q便l整首词Wg一层无a的失落。像是,在某个月夜,把船儿推Z湖心Q徐徐荡漄Q一点点q离了那份心中的好?br /> <br /> U_Q让人想到十五世U,那位叫L提切利的西方dQ他是欧z文艺复兴早期佛|u萨画z最后一位画Ӟ他的一q名作《春》,늛了妩媚、温雅、风、娇丽、婀娜等丽的赞誉,可是在明媚的外表之下Q一层惘然的哀愁在W罩。虽然一个是西方的美术,一个是中国的文学,但文学艺术,大抵该是盔R的?br /> <br /> 在明媚的江南暮春Q在静看E燕学飞的欣喜中Q纳兰的w媄N出安适而孤独的姿态,词h是高늚Q敏感的心处处悸动,_在漂泊不定中L一个栖w之地。那暂得的安适,化ؓ文字Q就成了手中圣洁的白Ԍ素心依旧Q心灵便L栖息之地?br /> <br /> 若存了一颗h生腥风血雨之后望E泊明志宁静致q的心,在邂逅这一q画面之后且ƣ然而坐Q清茶徽墨,或许此刻别h用手搭一个框Q你我便亦是此中之hQ此中之景?br /><br></div> <div style="width:100%; 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